What Does an Appeals Lawyer Do?

When you are unhappy with a trial court ruling, you can appeal the case to a higher court. The process is not as exciting as a trial, but it requires superlative research and writing skills.

First, your New York Appeals lawyer  will review the record from the trial to determine which issues are likely to be considered on appeal. This can take days of research, analysis and drafting.


Taking a case to the appellate court is a major step in the litigation process. It requires a great deal of research and analysis, and it often involves oral arguments.

To successfully represent a client in appeals court, an appeals lawyer needs to have extensive experience. They must be able to analyze the records of the trial, understand the weaknesses of the initial rulings, and determine an effective strategy for success in the higher court.

An experienced attorney can also help to develop new laws and create precedents. This can be a rewarding experience for both lawyers and clients, and it can lead to positive recognition in the legal community.

The most important aspect of an attorney’s experience is his or her ability to identify issues for appeal and argue them effectively in the court of law. A good appellate lawyer will be familiar with standard of review, which matters may be considered for the first time on appeal, and preservation of error rules.


An appeals lawyer must be able to analyze a case and collect the evidence needed for an appeal. This requires exceptional collection and analytical skills, as well as extensive knowledge of legal precedents.

An appellate lawyer must also be able to draft legal briefs and oral arguments that convince the appellate court. This requires excellent writing and oratorical skills.

In addition to having a thorough understanding of the law, an appellate attorney must be familiar with both the state and federal court systems in New York. This can be challenging for inexperienced attorneys who have not worked in the appeals arena before.

In some domains, such as tennis or chess, experts often build their expertise through routine, repetitive procedures. However, in many other domains, such as science, new problems emerge regularly. Experts with adaptive expertise use their accumulated knowledge to develop new procedures and strategies to tackle these new challenges.


Communication skills are an important part of an appeals lawyer’s success. It is not uncommon for clients to have a variety of questions about their case, and it is up to an appeals attorney to respond in a manner that is both professional and client-friendly.

Effective communication with clients is especially important when the appellate process is taking place at a distance. Appeals attorneys often communicate by letter or phone call, but there are also times when face-to-face communication is necessary.

In a recent Ninth Circuit decision, the court ruled against a law firm that had challenged the test federal courts use to determine whether the attorney-client privilege applies to dual-purpose communications. The law firm argued that the primary purpose test should be abandoned in favor of a significant purpose test, which would protect as privileged any communications that had a significant legal purpose, even if it was not the primary one.


Frequently Asked Questions (Faqs) 

Q: What is an appeals lawyer?

An appeals lawyer is a lawyer who specializes in representing clients in the appeals process. They review the lower court’s record, identify legal errors or issues, and make legal arguments to a higher court to reverse or modify the lower court’s decision.

Q: What types of cases do appeals lawyers handle?

Appeals lawyers can handle a variety of cases, including civil and criminal cases, as well as cases related to administrative law, employment law, and more.

Q: What is the appeals process?

The appeals process involves filing a notice of appeal with the appropriate court and submitting a brief outlining the legal arguments in the case. The parties may also have the opportunity to participate in an appellate oral argument. The appeals court will then review the record of the lower court and issue a written decision.

Q: When should I hire an appeals lawyer?

It is important to consider hiring an appeals lawyer if you have received an unfavorable decision in a lower court and wish to appeal that decision. It is also a good idea to consult with an appeals lawyer early on in the case, as they can help identify potential legal issues and develop strategies for addressing them.

Q: What qualifications should I look for in an appeals lawyer?

When looking for an appeals lawyer, it is important to consider their experience and expertise in handling appeals cases, as well as their track record of success. It is also important to find a lawyer who communicates effectively and who you feel comfortable working with.

Addition Resources

  1. https://www.brownstonelaw.com/
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